succinic acid

Lemma

succinic acid

Etichetta di dominio

EN

Etichetta grammaticale

c. n.

Definizione

An acid found to a limited extent in both grapes and wine [...] [that] is a white crystalline solid [...] and soluble in water and alcoholic water solutions such as wine. 1

Nota

Succinic acid is formed by yeast, and small quantities of this acid are always produced during the primary fermentation. The production of succinic acid stops when alcoholic fermentation is complete. The flavor of succinic acid is a complex mixture of sour, salty and bitter tastes, and succinic acid is responsible for the special taste characteristics all fermented beverages have in common. Once formed, succinic acid is very stable, and it is seldom affected by bacterial action. 2
Succinic acid quantity is at 0.4-0.5 g/L (grams/Litre). It is also considered superior to all other acids in its ability to produce rich, flavourful esters during the aging process. 3

Contesto

It was determined that the predominant nonvolatile organic acid formed during fermentation is succinic acid (90%). 4

Trascrizione fonetica

[səkˈsɪnɪk ˈæsɪd] 5

Sinonimi e Antonimi

Sinonimi: amber acid, asuccin. 6

Abbreviazioni

Formula: HOOC-CH2-CH2-COOH 7

Etimologia

Succinic = F. succinique, formed with suff. –ique (see adj. suff. –ic) fr. L. succinum, sucinum, ‘amber’, which is a loan word from a N. European language and has been assimilated in form to L. sucus, succus, ‘juice, sap’.

Acid = either fr. F. acide or directly fr. L. acidus, ‘sour’, fr. acere, ‘to be sour’, whence also acetum, ‘vinegar’ (see acetum); introduced into English by Francis Bacon (1561-1626) in 1626. 8

Etichetta di paese
ND
Ente

Università degli Studi di Genova - Facoltà di Lingue e letterature straniere - Corso di laurea Teorie e tecniche della mediazione interlinguistica

Data della scheda
Tue Dec 20 00:00:00 2005
Autore

rev. Luana Tedesco, Chiara Barbagianni

Fonti

1 : Robinson J., The Oxford Companion to Wine, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1994, p. 927.

2 : «http://grapestomper.com/wineacids.html», (25/10/2011)

3 : «http://winemaking.jackkeller.net/acid.asp», (20/12/2005)

4 : «http://www.ajevonline.org/content/16/1/1.abstract», (20/12/2005)

5 : «http://dictionary.cambridge.org», (25/10/2011)

6 : «http://chemicalland21.com/industrialchem/organic/
succinic%20acid.htm»
, (20/12/2005)

7 : «http://chemicalland21.com/industrialchem/organic/
succinic%20acid.htm»
, (25/10/2011)

8 : Klein E., A comprehensive etymological dictionary of the English language, Amsterdam, Elsevier publishing company, 1966.

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