spoilage

Lemma

spoilage

Etichetta di dominio

EN

Etichetta grammaticale

n.

Definizione

Off-flavors and odors, atypical mouth-feel and other wine defects due to spoilage organisms or contributed by careless treatment of the wine that results in excessive addition of chemicals such as sulfur dioxide. 1

Nota

To nose for any spoilage, you will be looking out for odd odors such as rotten eggs or garlic (H2S), bandaid (Brettanomyces), wet cardboard (oxidation), corn chips or metallic bitter finish (high pH wines), moldy or musty (cork taint), nail polish or vinegar (high volatile acidity). […]
As for the palate, a spoiled wine normally gives a SHARP attack to our taste buds or leave behind a trail of very unpleasant finishing. Wines with high volatile acidity will attack our throat like we have just had a mouthful of vinegar. Unusual bitterness is also an indication of spoiled wine, suggesting the presence of spoilage micro-organisms when the wine pH is too high. 2

Contesto

The spoilage of wine annually causes economic losses to the wine and grape industry in South Africa, thus it is extremely important to use appropriate techniques for the early detection and identification of possible spoilage microbes present in the must and wine. 3

Trascrizione fonetica

[ˡspɔɪlɪdʒ] 4

Sinonimi e Antonimi
ND
Abbreviazioni
ND
Etimologia

Spoil: c.1300, from O.Fr. espoillier "to strip, plunder," from L. spoliare "to strip of clothing, rob," from spolium "armor stripped from an enemy, booty;" originally "skin stripped from a killed animal," from PIE *spol-yo-, perhaps from base *spel- "to split, to break off" (cf. Gk. aspalon "skin, hide," spolas "flayed skin;" Lith. spaliai "shives of flax;" O.C.S. rasplatiti "to cleave, split;" M.L.G. spalden, O.H.G. spaltan "to split;" Skt. sphatayati "splits"). Sense of "to damage so as to render useless" is from 1560s.

-age: suffix forming nouns of act, process, function, condition, from O.Fr./Fr. -age, from L.L. -aticum "belonging to, related to," originally neut. adj. suffix, from L. -atus, pp. suffix of verbs of the first conjugation. 5

Etichetta di paese
ND
Ente

Università degli Studi di Genova

Data della scheda
Thu Aug 27 00:00:00 2009
Autore

Elisa Bonori, rev. Chiara Barbagianni

Fonti

1 : DA «http://www.unitechscientific.com/wine_spoilage_organisms.htm», (27/10/2011)
«http://www.wine-treasures.com/blog/labels/Wine%20Spoilage.html», (27/10/2011)

2 : «http://www.wine-treasures.com/blog/labels/Wine%20Spoilage.html», (27/10/2011)

3 : «http://scholar.sun.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10019.1/1558/
Bester,%20L.pdf?sequence=1»
, (27/10/2011)

4 : «http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/spoilage», (27/08/2009)

5 : «http://www.etymonline.com», (27/10/2011)

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