bitter

Lemma

bitter

Etichetta di dominio

EN

Etichetta grammaticale

adj.

Definizione

An unpleasant taste usually perceived at the back of the mouth after the wine is swallowed. Bitterness is usually caused by the accidental extraction of small molecular weight tannins from the skins and (particularly) seeds during the maceration stage of red winemaking. 1

Nota

Some grapes--notably Gewürztraminer and Muscat--often have a noticeable bitter edge to their flavors. Another source of bitterness is tannin or stems. If the bitter quality dominates the wine's flavor or aftertaste, it is considered a fault. In sweet wines a trace of bitterness may compliment the flavors. In young red wines it can be a warning signal, as bitterness doesn't always dissipate with age. Normally, a fine, mature wine should not be bitter on the palate. 2

Contesto

When someone claims a wine is bitter they probably are referring to the tannins in a wine. Tannins are what give your mouth that chalky feeling. You may even pucker a bit. Tannins are natural protein compounds in wine grapes, though the majority of tannins are found in red wines. 6

Trascrizione fonetica

ˡbɪtər 4

Sinonimi e Antonimi

acidic, tangy 5

Abbreviazioni
ND
Etimologia

O.E. biter, akin to bitan "bite," from P.Gmc. *bitras, from PIE base *bheid- "to split" (see fissure). Meaning moved in prehistoric times from "biting" to "acrid-tasting." Transferred to state of mind and to words in O.E. Bittersweet is 14c. in literal and figurative senses; bitters, so called for its taste, is from 1713. Phrase to the bitter end is attested from 1849. 3

Etichetta di paese
ND
Ente

Università degli Studi di Genova

Data della scheda
Thu Aug 13 00:00:00 2009
Autore

Elisa Bonori

Fonti

1 : «http://www.aromadictionary.com/articles/wineglossary_a-l_article.html», 2009-08-13

2 : «http://www.dvinewine.biz/term.html», 2009-08-13

3 : «http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=bitter&searchmode=none», 2009-08-13

4 : «http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/bitter», 2009-08-13

5 : «http://www.watson.it/dynamic/common/cgi-bin/d.exe», 2009-08-13

6 : «http://wineforbeginners.today.com/2009/03/28/flavors-and-wine-aromas/ », 2009-08-13

Ritorna alla Barra di Navigazione