spoilage

Lemma

spoilage

Etichetta di dominio

EN

Etichetta grammaticale

n.

Definizione

The action or process of spoiling, especially the deterioration of food and other perishable goods.

Nota

The winemaking process includes multiple stages at which microbial spoilage can occur, altering the quality and hygienic status of the wine and rendering it unacceptable. The major spoilage organisms include species and strains of the yeast genera Brettanomyces, Candida, Hanseniaspora, Pichia, Zygosaccharomyces etc., the lactic acid bacterial genera Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, Pedioccus, etc. and the acetic acid bacterial genera Acetobacter and Gluconobacter. The faults caused include bitterness and off-flavours (mousiness, ester taint, phenolic, vinegary, buttery, geranium tone), and cosmetic problems such as turbidity, viscosity, sediment and film formation.

Contesto

Wine spoilage results in off-flavors and odors, atypical mouth-feel and other wine defects.

Trascrizione fonetica

[ˈspɔɪlɪdʒ]

Sinonimi e Antonimi

alteration

Abbreviazioni
ND
Etimologia

1590-1600; spoil + -age

Etichetta di paese

EN

Ente

Università degli Studi di Genova, Facoltà di Lingue e Letterature Straniere, Corso di Laurea in Teorie e Tecniche della Mediazione Interlinguistica.

Data della scheda
Sat Dec 6 10:20:50 2014
Autore

Laura Italiano

Fonti

1. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com (27/11/2014);
2. M. du Toit and I.S. Pretorius, “Microbial Spoilage and Preservation of Wine: Using Weapons from Nature’s Own Arsenal – A Review” in S. Afr. J. Enol. Vitic., Vol. 21, Special Issue, 2000;
3. http://www.unitechscientific.com/wine_spoilage_organisms.htm (27/11/2014);
4. Collins Concise English dictionary http://consultazione.zanichelli.it (27/11/2014);
5. Random House Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary, 2nd edition, Random House, New York, 1998.

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