retro-nasal sensations

Lemma

retro-nasal sensations

Etichetta di dominio

EN

Etichetta grammaticale

c. n.

Definizione

Mixture of gustatory and olfactory sensations resulting from the air expelled through the passage existing between mouth and nose during swallowing. 1

Nota

Sniffing a wine brings the aromas in contact with the smell center, which is [...] located at the top of the nasal cavity, behind the eyes. Smelling nasally tells you how old a wine is, its fruit characteristics, grape variety and defects [...]. When you take a sip of wine, because the mouth is connected to the nose via the retro-nasal passage, you smell the wine again. […] as you swallow, your mouth is closed, forcing you to exhale through your nose. In so doing, the residual wine vapors in your mouth are carried - retro-nasally - to the smell center. Swallowing aides retro-nasal olfaction; expectorating limits retro-nasal olfaction and therefore our ability to fully appreciate a wine's aromas. 2

Contesto

Flavor sensations include the taste sensations [...] plus two other groups: the trigeminal and retro-nasal sensations. These groups include the flavors of spiciness, fruitiness and fattiness. 3

Trascrizione fonetica

/retrə 'neɪzəl sen'seɪʃən/ 4

Sinonimi e Antonimi

Retro-nasal olfactory sensations, after-smell.

Abbreviazioni
ND
Etimologia

Retro-: from Latin retro (prep.) "backward, back, behind," also of time, "formerly, in past times," probably originally the ablative form of *reteros, based on re- "back".
Nasal (adj.): 1650s, "of the nose," from French nasal, from Latin nasus "nose, the nose, sense of smell," from PIE *nas-.
Sensation (n.): from French sensation (14c.) and directly from Medieval Latin sensationem (nominative sensatio), from Late Latin sensatus "endowed with sense, sensible," from Latin sensus "feeling". 5

Etichetta di paese
ND
Ente

Università degli Studi di Genova, Facoltà di Lingue e Letterature Straniere, Corso di Laurea in Teorie e Tecniche della Mediazione Interlinguistica

Data della scheda
Thu Sep 18 16:44:09 2014
Autore

Francesca Bernini

Fonti

1 : http://www.navarrawine.com/en/discover_enjoy_wine/discover-enjoy-wine+notions-taste-wine_olfactory-stimuli.aspx, 20.06.2014. Definition based on this source, written by the author of the file.

2 : http://www.enologyinternational.com/articles/senses.html, 20.06.2014.

3 : https://sharidarling.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Harmony-for-E-Shop.pdf, Shari Darling, Harmony on the palate, 2013, p. 10, 20.06.2014.

4 : Longman, Dictionary of Contemporary English, England, Pearson Education Limited, 2008.

5 : http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=retro-&allowed_in_frame=0,
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=nasal&allowed_in_frame=0,
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=sensation&allowed_in_frame=0 , 20.06.2014.

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