dormancy

Lemma

dormancy

Etichetta di dominio

EN

Etichetta grammaticale

n.

Definizione

A resting condition with reduced metabolic rate. This is found in non-germinating seeds and non-growing buds. Dormancy is predictive if it protects the organism against adverse conditions and occurs before their onset. 1

Nota

[…] the normal state of vines in winter. This period nominally starts with autumn leaf fall, although buds are in a state of so-called organic dormancy from veraison onwards. The period of dormancy ends with budbreak in the spring. Pruning is carried out when the vines are dormant, and buds and cuttings taken from the vines at this time are used in propagation. 2

Contesto

The period of dormancy is integral to the survival of the vine in areas where winter temperatures fall below 0°C, although dormancy is also an important part of the vine cycle in warmer areas too. 3

Trascrizione fonetica

[ˈdȯr-mən(t)-sē] 4

Sinonimi e Antonimi

ND

Abbreviazioni

ND

Etimologia

Dormancy: (dormant) late 14c., "fixed in place," from O.Fr. dormant (12c.), prp. of dormir "to sleep," from L. dormire "to sleep," from PIE base *drem- "to sleep" (cf. O.C.S. dremati "to sleep, doze," Gk. edrathon "I slept," Skt. drati "sleeps"). Meaning "in a resting situation" (in heraldry) is from c.1500. Meaning "sleeping' is from 1620s. 5

Etichetta di paese

ND

Ente

Università degli Studi di Genova, Facoltà di Lingue e Letterature Straniere, Corso di Laurea per Traduttori e Interpreti

Data della scheda
Thu Feb 3 21:05:04 2011
Autore

Marco Paparella rev. Gerbaudo

Fonti

1 : http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/dormancy.aspx (26/01/2011)

2 : Robinson J., The Oxford Companion to Wine, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994, p. 335.

3 : Creasy, G.L. and Creasy, L.L. , Grapes, CABI, Wallingford, 2009 p. 36.

4 : http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dormancy (26/01/2011)

5 : http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=dormant (26/01/2011)

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