exocarp

Lemma

exocarp

Etichetta di dominio

EN

Etichetta grammaticale

n.

Definizione

The outermost layer of a pericarp, as the rind or peel of certain fruits (peach, grape). 1

Nota

Major chemical determinants of flavor and wine quality in grape berries are predominantly localized to mesocarp (flesh) or exocarp (skin) tissues. Only a small number of the dozens of known grape compounds important for flavor are represented here.
[…]
Glucose, fructose, malic acid, and tartaric acid are stored primarily in the vacuoles of mesocarp cells, although some glucose and fructose can be detected in the exocarp. Proanthocyanidins and other polyphenolic compounds, terpenoids, esters, and other less abundant sensory compounds are primarily stored in exocarp cells. 2

Contesto

Maturation is marked in red cultivars by accumulation of anthocyanins (red pigments) in the exocarp (skin) […] 3

Trascrizione fonetica

[ˈɛksoʊˌkɑrp] 4

Sinonimi e Antonimi

epicarp; skin. 5

Abbreviazioni
ND
Etimologia

Exo- comb. form of Gk. exo "outside," used in forming scientific words. 6
-carp suff. Fruit; part of a fruit; fruitlike structure [New Latin -carpium, from Greek -karpion, from karpos, fruit; see kerp- in Indo-European roots.] 7

Etichetta di paese
ND
Ente

Università degli studi di Genova (Lingue e Letteratura straniere, Traduttori e Interpreti)

Data della scheda
Thu Jun 4 00:00:00 2009
Autore

Barbara Gamarino rev. Gerbaudo

Fonti

1 : «http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/exocarp», (24/04/2009)

2 : «http://www.snupharm.ac.kr/swkwon/erp/erpmenus/lesson_pds_multi/upLoadFiles/science.pdf », 1/5/2009

3 : Robinson J., The Oxford Companion to Wine. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1994, p. 459.

4 : «http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/exocarp», (14/11/2011)

5 : «http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/exocarp», (14/11/2011)

6 : «http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=exo&searchmode=none», (02/05/2009)

7 : «http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=-carp&db=luna», (02/06/2009)

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