espalier

Lemma

espalier

Etichetta di dominio

EN

Etichetta grammaticale

n.

Definizione

A method of training small fruit trees and grapevines in which the vine or tree is “flattened” by tying all the shoots and branches outwards from opposite sides of the trunk. Most of the common methods of vine trellising in use today are variations of the espalier. 1

Nota

A relatively unusual training system for vines or other fruit trees, by which the plant is trained to grow in a single plane to form a flat shape, for example against a wall. Espalier training leaves a trunk and one or two arms with several canes which are trained in the same plane with a trellis or wire for support. Different vines are trained to different heights in the French Espalier de Thoméry. 2

Contesto

Today, the two important basic forms of vine training systems are: goblet and espalier (which is also called "vertical shoot positioning"; VSP). 3

Trascrizione fonetica

[ɪˈspælyər] 4

Sinonimi e Antonimi
ND
Abbreviazioni
ND
Etimologia

1660s, from Fr. espalier (16c.), from It. spalliera "stake-works shoulder-high," from spalla "shoulder," from L. spatula. 5

Etichetta di paese
ND
Ente

Università degli Studi di Genova, Facoltà di Lingue e Letterature Straniere, Corso di Laurea per Traduttori e Interpreti.

Data della scheda
Tue Feb 3 00:00:00 2009
Autore

Helga Dimasi rev. Gerbaudo

Fonti

1 : «http://www.edenwines.co.uk/Glossary_e.html», (17/01/2008)

2 : Robinson J., The Oxford Companion to Wine, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1994, p. 368.

3 : « http://knol.google.com/k/alain-deloire/history-and-evolution-of-vine/2rmh6zvf1o8hc/9#», (26/01/2009)

4 : «http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Espalier», (04/11/2011)

5 : «http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=espalier&searchmode=none », (04/11/2011)

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