amelioration

Lemma

amelioration

Etichetta di dominio

EN

Etichetta grammaticale

n.

Definizione

Addition of sweetening agents, acids or water (or all three) to must or wine to correct natural deficiencies. Such additions are limited or prohibited by law depending on some countries. 1

Nota

After picking, the grapes are taken to the winery, de-stemmed and the juice is squeezed out by a press. The juice is then clarified by settling or by centrifuge before being "chaptalised." Chaptalisation increases the strength of wine by adding sugar before fermentation. This process is also known as amelioration. The process has been especially valuable in northern latitudes and in areas where the natural sugar content of grapes is low. 2

Contesto

To ensure the quality of the resulting wine, the extent of amelioration within legal limits should be carefully evaluated.3

Trascrizione fonetica

[əˌmi:.li.ə΄reɪ.ʃən] 4

Sinonimi e Antonimi

chaptalisation, enrichment 5

Abbreviazioni
ND
Etimologia

1776 (with an apparently isolated reference from 1650s), from Fr. amélioration, from O.Fr. ameillorer (12c.), from a "to" + meillior (Mod.Fr. meìlleur) "to better," from L.L. meliorare "improve," from L. melior "better," perhaps originally "stronger," and related to Gk. mala "very, very much," from PIE *mel- "strong, great."6

Etichetta di paese
ND
Ente

Università degli Studi di Genova, Facoltà di Lingue e Letterature Straniere, Corso di Laurea in Teorie e Tecniche della Mediazione Interlinguistica.

Data della scheda
Tue Mar 4 00:00:00 2008
Autore

Cristina Bonanato rev. Gerbaudo

Fonti

1 : «http://iate.europa.eu/iatediff/FindTermsByLilId.do?lilId=1617069&langId=en», (11/11/2011)

2 : «http://www.michiganhistorymagazine.com/extra/wine/index.html», (22/02/2008)

3 : «Iowa State University http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Wine/Resources/redwineproduction.htm», (30/11/2007)

4 : «http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/ameliorate?q=amelioration», (30/11/2007)

5 : «http://thesaurus.com/browse/amelioration», (01/12/2007)

6 : «http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=amelioration&searchmode=none», (11/10/2011)

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