methyl alcohol

Lemma

methyl alcohol

Etichetta di dominio

EN

Etichetta grammaticale

c. n.

Definizione

The simplest of a long series of organic compounds called alcohols. 1

Nota

Although a trace amount of methyl alcohol is produced by fermentation, it does not occur at a concentration capable of poisoning an individual. In fact, such trace amounts of methyl alcohol are removed from spirits by distillation, but remain in undistilled beverages like beer and wine. [...], there is still very very little methyl alcohol produced by fermentation, so it poses no threat to consumers of beer or wine [...]. 2

Contesto

[...] eight Italians died and some 30 were hospitalized after drinking red Odore Barbera, a northern Italian wine that was contaminated by as much as 5.7% methyl alcohol, a deadly dose way above the legally permitted limit of .3%. 3

Trascrizione fonetica

UK [ˈmiːθʌɪl ˈælkəhɒl], US [ˈmɛθ(ə)l] [i:note n

Sinonimi e Antonimi

Synonyms: colorial spirit, columbian spirit, methanol, pyroxylic spirit, wood alcohol, wood spirit. 5

Abbreviazioni
ND
Etimologia

Methyl: "univalent hydrocarbon radical," 1844, from Ger. methyl (1840) or Fr. méthyle, back-formation from Fr. méthylène, coined in French 1835 from Gk. methy "wine".

Alcohol: 1540s, "fine powder produced by sublimation," from M.L. alcohol "powdered ore of antimony," from Arabic al-kuhul "kohl," the fine metallic powder used to darken the eyelids, from kahala "to stain, paint." The al- is the Arabic definite article, "the." "Powdered cosmetic" was the earliest sense in English; definition broadened 1670s to "any sublimated substance, the pure spirit of anything," including liquids. Modern sense of "intoxicating ingredient in strong liquor" is first recorded 1753, short for alcohol of wine, which was extended to "the intoxicating element in fermented liquors." 6

Etichetta di paese
ND
Ente

Università deglli Studi di Genova, Facoltà di Lingue e Letterature Straniere, corso di Laurea Specialistica in Traduzione tecnico-scientifica

Data della scheda
Fri Oct 2 00:00:00 2009
Autore

Ilaria Carosso, rev. Chiara Barbagianni

Fonti

1 : «http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/378329/methanol», (24/11/2011)

2 : «http://www.home-distilling.com/HD_health.asp», (30/09/2009)

3 : «http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,961046,00.html», (24/11/2011)

4 : «http://www.oed.com/», (24/11/2011)

5 : «www.zenstoves.net/CHRIS/MAL.pdf», (24/11/2011)

6 : «www.etymonline.com/», (24/11/2011)

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