hail

hail
Lemma

hail

Etichetta di dominio

EN

Etichetta grammaticale

n.

Definizione

Showery precipitation in the form of irregular pellets or balls of ice more than 1/5 in. (5 mm) in diameter, falling from a cumulonimbus cloud [thunderclouds]. 1

Nota

A severe hailstorm in summer can destroy an entire crop, defoliate the vines, and even drastically reduce the crop of the following year - by reducing leaf surface and thereby restricting fruit-bud formation.
No practical protective measures are known that are applicable to vineyards. Close-mesh wire netting stretched above the vines is used occasionally to protect a few vines. Commercial vineyards should not be planted in areas that lie in the usual path of hailstorms. [...]
If serious hail damage occurs early in the season (May or June), the defoliated shoots should be cut back to spurs in order to produce several good new shoots for the next year's fruit wood. [...] 2

Contesto

Hail storms earlier this week destroyed vines in the Bordeaux area and put the commercial survival of some wine growers at risk. 3

Trascrizione fonetica

[heɪl] 4

Sinonimi e Antonimi
ND
Abbreviazioni
ND
Etimologia

"frozen rain," O.E. hægl, hagol, from W.Gmc. *haglaz (cf. O.H.G. hagal, O.N. hagl, Ger. hagel "hail"), probably from PIE *kaghlo- "pebble" (cf. Gk. kakhlex "round pebble"). 5

Etichetta di paese
ND
Ente

Università degli Studi di Genova
Facoltà di Lingue e Letterature Straniere

Data della scheda
Sun Jul 5 00:00:00 2009
Autore

Carola Boero, revisione Vitiello, rev. Gerbaudo

Fonti

1 : «http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/hail», (03/07/2009)

2 : Winkler A. J., General Viticulture. University of California Press, 1974. «http://books.google.it/books?id=yrQUAdwSJCwC&dq=the+effects+of+hail+on+vineyards&q=hail », (03/07/2009)

3 : «http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/5320622/Hail-storms-destroy-Bordeaux-vineyards.html », (03/07/2009)

4 : Hornby A. S.,Oxford Advanced Learners' Dictionary. New York, Oxford University Press, 2005, 7th edition, p. 697.

5 : «http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=hail », (03/07/2009)

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